Conservation of wildlife habitats is nothing new it is simply the idea that we can protect animals, plants and the habitats that they live in. We want our children and grandchildren to be able to enjoy the natural world just as we have. Protecting wildlife is important but to do that you need to understand how plants and animals interact within the areas they live, how delicate the ecosystems are and how humans can damage these ecosystems. Let’s take a closer look at how we are impacting wildlife and why it needs to be protected.
Pollution in the Ecosystem
In an ecosystem you will find the producers of food (plants and prey animals), the consumers of food and the decomposers. When animals eat plants or other prey animals they absorb all of the nutrients and chemicals from the prey as well. In a perfect world that isn’t a problem, but when there is pollution left behind then they absorb the toxins as well. As you go along the chain of predator and prey the amount of toxins becomes more concentrated and this is referred to as bioaccumulation. Pollution can have disastrous effects, everything from low birth rates to the extinction of a species.
The Effects of Climate Change
Plants and animals are affected by annual events, birds fly south when it gets cold, animals hibernate and flowers bloom. These events are triggered by the weather patterns, temperature, sunlight and precipitation. Climate change is slowly increasing temperatures and this has directly impacted the local plant and animal life. For instance, flowers are blooming earlier and birds are changing their flying patterns. All of this has a direct impact on the food chain within an ecosystem. Here is a look at how climate change is affecting wildlife.
Animals in the wild are migratory, the travel looking for food, water, shelter and to mate. In most case they can do all of this within a fairly small radius but other travel great distances. Butterflies, birds, wolves are examples of animals that travel large distances throughout their lives. Because of human development their natural habitats and migratory patterns are threatened or at the very least interrupted. Animals are forced into smaller environments and this threatens the gene pool of a number of species and the biodiversity of an ecosystem.
What Can We Do
There are many steps we can take but they all start with getting involved. You can do things at home like reducing your carbon footprint and encouraging natural habitats in your own backyard. You can get involved with conservation organizations that work with NGOs to protect the wildlife habitats.